Dietary Management and Understanding of Gout: A Comprehensive Guide Admin February 7, 2024

Dietary Management and Understanding of Gout: A Comprehensive Guide

What is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis where crystals form in the joints and soft tissues. This results in inflammation, pain and swelling.

What causes Gout?

Gout occurs when there is an elevated level of uric acid in the body. This can be due to either the amount of uric acid the body “makes and gets rid of” or the amount of purines consumed. The former happens because sometimes the body make more uric acid than usual or is sluggish in getting rid of the uric acid produced. Also, certain medication, such as diuretics and certain medical conditions such as hypertension cause uric acid build up.  

How is Gout treated?

Gout is treated by taking medications that lower uric acid levels. Note that Gout often occurs with concurrent conditions including obesity, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and kidney disease.

What are the foods and drinks that should to be avoided?

Purines get converted to uric acid in the body, therefore it is recommended to avoid animal food sources high in purine. These include meat, organ meats and seafood. It is also best to limit alcohol consumption, as it may increase the risk of gout attacks.  

What are the dietary changes that need to be adopted to control Gout?

Follow a healthy diet low in saturated fats and processed foods. Choose legumes, nuts and seeds as protein sources. Consume at least 4 servings of vegetables and 2-3 servings of fruits in a day. Limit sugary drinks and juices along with sugary snacks such as cakes and cookies. Make water the beverage of choice and aim to drink 2-3L every day.

Is weight related to Gout?

Being overweight or obese is a concurrent condition to Gout. For this reason, it is best to choose a weight loss plan that achieves a slow steady weight loss. Consult with your Dietician for the best meal plan tailored to your lifestyle.

Should I avoid vegetables high in purines such as cauliflower and asparagus?

No, though these vegetables, including spinach are high in purine, plant-based purine food sources do not cause elevated uric acid levels and are not a cause of concern in Gout attacks.

At the American Wellness Centre in Dubai Healthcare City, the focus on managing conditions like gout is deeply integrated into the Nutritional Guidance provided. Recognizing the critical role diet plays in managing gout, their nutrition department offers tailored dietary plans aimed at reducing uric acid levels through healthy food choices. By emphasizing the reduction of purine-rich foods, encouraging hydration, and promoting a balanced diet, the Centre’s expert dietitians support patients in navigating their condition, underscoring the Centre’s holistic approach to health and wellness.